Its symbol:

The symbol for Magnesium on the periodic table is Mg.

Its atomic number:

Magnesium’s Atomic Number is 12

Its atomic weight:

The atomic weight of Sodium is 24.305

What is its atomic configuration?

The first shell is made up of two electrons, the second shell contains eight electrons and the third has two electrons.

When it was discovered?

Magnesium was discovered in 1755.

Who discovered it?

Magnesium was discovered by Joseph Black.  Joseph Black was born in 1729. He was a lecturer in Chemistry at the University of Glasgow from 1756 to 1766. It was during his early years there that he discovered carbon dioxide. When first discovered, Black referred to it as fixed air. The discovery happened between 1750 and 1752 while working on the chemistry of magnesia alba, which is a basic magnesium carbonate. He discovered that carbon dioxide, or the fixed air would be released when the magnesia alba was heated.

How did it get its name?

Magnesium was named for a Greek district, which is known as Magnesia. The district is located in Thessaly.

Is it is a stable element or not?

Magnesium is unstable as a single atom. It’s valency is.+2. meaning it needs to lose two electrons to become stable. e.g. Mg.+2.+ S.-2. = MgS (Stable).

What state of matter is it commonly found in?

Magnesium is commonly found in the state of solid.

What color it is?

Magnesium’s color is shiny grey.

What is its melting point?

Magnesium’s melting temperature is  650 °C or 1202 °F.

What is its boiling point?

Magnesium’s boiling point is at 1091 °C or 1994 °F.

What are its uses?

Magnesium is a commercially important metal with many uses. It is only two thirds as dense as aluminum. It is easily machined, cast, forged, and welded. It is used extensively in alloys, chiefly with aluminum and zinc, and with manganese. Magnesium alloys were used as early as 1910 in Germany. Early structural uses of magnesium alloys were in aircraft fuselages, engine parts, and wheels. They are now also used in jet-engine parts, rockets and missiles, luggage frames, portable power tools, and cameras and optical instruments. Duralumin and magnalium are alloys of magnesium. The metal is also used in pyrotechnics, especially in incendiary bombs, signals, and flares, and as a fuse for thermite. It is used in photographic flashbulbs and is added to some rocket and missile fuels. It is used in the preparation of malleable cast iron. An important use is in preventing the corrosion of iron and steel, as in pipelines and ship bottoms. For this purpose a magnesium plate is connected electrically to the iron. The rapid oxidation of the magnesium prevents the slower oxidation and corrosion of the iron.